Hydrotherapy: – The use of water for therapeutic purposes, and water here supports healing processes where it is widely used in the treatment of various diseases.

Water has been found to have vital and organic effects on the body in recent decades.

Physical therapy with water is done during dipping the injured member or the injured party in the water to achieve the medical objectives (therapeutic center).

Water has been used in the last 50 years in the field of physical therapy in the form of ice packs or hot compresses where it is placed on the injured party, and physical therapy is very useful in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, heart disease and neurological diseases and many more.

Of properties that make water better than air in the performance of therapeutic exercises.

First: – Floating property in the water where the body is suspended and therefore the balance is easier and makes the risk of falling a little, which gives the patient greater confidence in the work of exercises.

The benefits of this feature are also useful in the treatment of bone problems such as fracture or inflammation where the muscles are weak and can not carry the weight of the body so that the water carrying the body or with the help of the joint to carry the body and reduce the pain on the joint.

Second: – The water is more dense than the air and makes it more resistance and when the patient performs exercises increase the strength of the muscle faster than doing exercises in the air.

Third: – The high water temperature makes the patient relax and free from pressure, the performance is better.

Methods of using water in physiotherapy: –

Water is used in physiotherapy in its three cases: liquid – solid – gaseous

Water is an excellent medium for heat transfer because it acquires and loses heat slowly so that most people consider the normal level of their feeling of water temperature up to (34 C).

When treated with warm water up to 40 C, the effect starts to be catalytic or stimulating and then moves to relaxation.

On the other hand, cold water leads to chills, which in turn lead to increased pulse and rapid breathing, increased blood flow in the capillaries and increase the metabolism of muscles.

The effect of cold or warm water depends on the length of exposure.

As for the methods of using water in physiotherapy.

1 – local: – the addition of water on a small area of ​​the body, such as washing the eye or ear using steam through a small plastic tube covering the place of injury only.

There is also a local or partial bath, such as the hand bath only or the toes of any infected member only where the processor starts here from 37C to 45C

It is beneficial to improve the blood circulation in the affected limbs and therefore is used in the treatment of pressure diseases and heart disease peripheral vascular disease.

2 – hot bath: – the use of water at a temperature ranging between (36 c – 40 c) and use a local position for a period of 20 – 30 minutes or the whole body between 10 – 30 minutes and here begins dipping the patient gradually in the water.

Hot bathroom effects

1 – physiological effects as they have the effect of several directions.

Improve blood circulation.

B – Elimination of excess salts.

C – Elimination of muscle strain.

D – lose weight temporarily

2. Psychological effects.

The patient who is unable to move or can not control the affected member at a moment in the water increases the ability to control the affected member and move it, thus giving the patient greater confidence in himself and thus improve the performance of the patient for therapeutic exercises, which benefits the level of improvement of the patient.

Diseases where the hot bath is used.

1 – diseases of rheumatism

2- Circulatory problems.

3 – Injuries resulting from accidents such as muscle rupture and muscle tension and short muscles and others.

4 – peripheral nerve diseases.

5. Skin infections.

Cases where use of hot tub is prohibited.

1- Fever diseases.

2 – previous diseases in the elderly.

3 – loss of sensation, because it may lead to burns without feeling the patient.

4 – hardening of the arteries for the possibility of clots.

5. Diabetic patients only in cases of patient care and constant monitoring of the patient

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